Religious communities in Krakow and migration processes -Report (2020)
Authors: Konrad Pędziwiatr Patrycja Trzeszczyńska, Dobrosława Wiktor-Mach
The aim of the report is to analyse the transformations of religious communities in Krakow resulting from the arrival of an increasing number of foreigners to the city. In recent years, the religious landscape of Krakow has been undergoing significant changes due to influx of immigrants from many regions of the world. New prayer halls and temples emerge, whereas existing places of worship are witness to an increasing number of new foreign believers. Some religious practices are also changing. In some cases, the arrival of new groups of believers necessitates organizational changes, increasing the frequency of religious service or adding additional languages to communication with newcomers. Thus, immigration has a significant impact on the religious life in the city, clearly modifying some existing aspects of it and creating new ones.
The report begins with the discussion of the transformations of Krakow’s multi-religious character in the light of the secondary data. Then, on the basis of the fieldwork carried out by the Authors in 2020, it analyses inter alia the dynamics of the presence of migrants in the largest religious communities in the city, channels through which communities reach immigrants, and foreigners find certain religious communities, reception of foreigners by existing members of communities and clergy, as well as, the influence of migrants on the functioning of selected religious communities. It also describes the functioning of religious communities with significant foreign representation during the coronavirus pandemic. In the final part the report includes recommendations for the City regarding the recognition of the phenomenon and the problems of Krakow’s religious communities and some of their immigrant faithful, revealed in the course of research